Biology Major

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Courses

Visit the Online Undergraduate Catalog for an explanation of graduation requirements.

The biology major requires 32 credits of biology and eight credits of chemistry. It is strongly recommended that all biology majors take at least one semester of mathematics, statistics, computer science, physical science, or physics. The biology major leads to a bachelor of arts degree.

Biology Major Courses

This course deals with the basic principles of biology. Consideration is given to cell biology and structural and functional organization of plants and animals. Principles of reproduction, genetics, and ecology are introduced as well as a brief survey of the kingdoms of living organisms. Beginning course for all biology majors. (Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week.) (Offered fall semester.)
Basic principles of chemical reactions and descriptive chemistry are integrated in terms of atomic structure, bonding theory, molecular geometry, reaction rates, equilibrium, and thermodynamics. (Three lecture hours and three lab hours per week.) (Offered fall semester.)
This course is a continuation of BIO 110 and emphasizes the diversity, ecology, structure and function of animals. The course will survey the animal kingdom and discuss adaptations for homeostasis, reproduction and interaction with the environment. Topics also include brief examination of community and ecosystem biology with an emphasis on sustainability and stewardship. (Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIOL 110 recommended. (Offered spring semester.)
Basic principles of chemical reactions and descriptive chemistry are integrated in terms of the periodic table, atomic structure, bond types, molecular geometry, reaction rates, and thermodynamics. (Three lecture hours and three hours lab per week.) (Offered fall and spring semesters respectively.)
The facts of heredity; reproduction and development; the mechanism of heredity; hybridization and Mendel's laws; heredity in man and in its broader social applications. Recommended for all biology majors and required of all biology majors in secondary education. (Two hours lecture and four hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 110 and 112. (Offered spring semester.)
Behavior and activity of microorganisms more or less common in the natural environment. Special attention given to the physiology of bacteria. Includes concepts of immunology and epidemiology. Required of all biology majors in secondary education and all pre-med and med-tech students. (Two hours lecture and four hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112, CHM 112, or permission of instructor. (Offered fall semester.)
Organisms do not exist or function in a vacuum, but are strongly influenced by their environment and, in turn, alter that environment and affect the growth and development of other organisms. In this course we will consider the interaction of organisms and their environments. We will study ecological processes functioning at levels of individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems. Prerequisite: BIOL 112. (Offered spring semester.)
Reading and discussion assignments for the biology major dealing with recent biology research and advancement. Special projects and problems may be done on an individual basis. Offered each semester to be taken by all biology majors during their senior year. Secondary education and pre-medical/technical biology majors should take this course during their junior year.
Course content focuses upon basic concepts and operations in descriptive and inferential statistics. The areas of study will include measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability, correlation and regression analysis, and various tests of significance using both parametric and nonparametric procedures. Cross listed with SOCI and SCWK 202. Meets quantitative reasoning requirement. (Offered every semester.)
A study of basic concepts and operations in descriptive and inferential statistics. The areas of study will include graphic representations, measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability theory, and various significant tests of relationship, including measures of association, correlation, linear relationship, and means tests. This course includes an introduction to multivariate statistics and non-parametrics. Cross listed with PSYC and SOCI202. Meets Quantitative Reasoning requirement. (Offered every semester.)
Advances in biology have pushed the development of statistical methods and depended on those methods for decades. Biostatistics focuses on three core areas: 1) general statistical concepts; 2) correct use and interpretation of statistical methods commonly used in biological sciences; and 3) basic familiarity with the R statistical software language, which has become an important tool in dealing with many kinds of data, including genetic data. Prerequisite: MATH106. (Offered spring semester of odd calendar years.)
In this course the major emphasis is on a survey of the vascular plants and common families of flowering plants. Topics included are principles of flowering plant taxonomy, mechanisms of adaptation and plant ecology. (Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112 or permission of instructor. (Offered spring semester of even calendar years.)
The purpose of this class is to build skills in field ornithology; observation and identification of birds, and collection and reporting of data. (Offered spring semester of even calendar years.)
This seminar will be based on a central theme each semester. Topics will range from Wetland Ecology to Forestry. Students will be introduced to the scientific literature relating to the semester's topic and will be expected to conduct literature reviews, provide written outlines and oral reports to the class. A student may apply one lower division and one upper division topic toward a major in environmental biology. Prerequisite: BIO 110 and 112 or permission of instructor. (Offered irregularly.)
Through an introduction of basic concepts underlying the environmental sciences, this course is designed to facilitate the integration of Christian philosophy and an ethic of environmental stewardship. Subject matter will include fundamentals and practical applications of the sciences in relation to biodiversity, domestic and solid waste management, nuclear power and fossil fuel for energy, global climate change, water resource management and populations issues. (Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112, CHM 111, PHY 120C or permission of instructor. (Offered irregularly)
Fieldwork will involve identification of the common plants and animals and consideration of ecological principles (e.g., succession, etc.) as seen in the field. Field trips will be made to various ecosystems. Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112, 115 or permission of instructor. (Offered irregularly)
This seminar will be based on a central theme each semester. Topics will range from Wetland Ecology to Forestry. Students will be introduced to the scientific literature relating to the semester's topic and will be expected to conduct literature reviews, provide written outlines and oral reports to the class. A student may apply one lower division and one upper division topic toward a major in environmental biology. Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112, 115, 215, and CHM 112 or permission of instructor. (Offered irregularly.)
A study of legislation and implementing regulatory bodies dealing with U.S. and international policy. Students will gain a balanced, yet critical, account of how regulation is carried out, and the effect of political forces. Issues of general interest (e.g., solid waste, water, and air quality) are explored, as are emerging issues such as environmental waste at nuclear weapons facilities and political problems inherent in protecting biodiversity. The crisis of regulatory capacity in the U.S., which has developed in the environmental field since 1970, including deficiencies in institutional and policy design are also examined.
This course is designed to deal with all the human body systems as to structure and function. Material covered is intended for those planning to teach biology in high school or enter the allied health professions, and to meet the needs of students majoring in physical education. Required of all physical education majors and biology majors in secondary education. (Three lectures and one two-hour lab per week.) (Offered fall semester)
This will be a study of the similarities of anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of major vertebrate groups. Specifically, it will compare phylogeny, ontogeny, and morphology in groups ranging from protochordates to highly derived vertebrates. It will examine structure of anatomical features, emphasizing how anatomy relates to function including comparisons of specialized features in organisms adapted to different conditions. Laboratories will involve detailed dissections. Prerequisite: BIO110, 112. (Offered spring semester of odd calendar years.)
An introduction to the basic principles and concepts of the nervous system with emphasis on the structures and functions of the mammalian nervous tissue. Prerequsite: BIOL112, CHEM 112 (Offered fall semester of odd calendar years.)
This course covers the cellular and molecular processes involved in generating an embryo, in creating various tissues and organs, and the effect of external stimuli on development. Topics include: genome structure, gene expression and regulation, cell cycle control, pattern formation, signal transduction, gametogenesis, organogenesis, and methods used in studying developmental biology. Prerequsite: BIO110, 112. (Offered spring semester of odd calendar years.)
A continuation of BIO 245. (Two hours lecture and four hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 245. (Offered spring semester.)
This course is a survey of the chemical reactions in living systems. The general biochemistry including a detailed look at DNA, transcription, translation, protein synthesis, lipid metabolism (e.g., cholesterol synthesis) and amino acid and nucleic acid metabolism will be studied. (Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week.) Cross listed with BIO 314. Prerequisite: CHM 201 or concurrent enrollment. (Offered fall semester.)
This course presents a chemically detailed overview of the metabolic transformations of fatty acids, complex lipids, amino acids, and the purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. The course also includes discussion of the structure and function of proteins, the chemical mechanisms and regulation of enzyme catalysis, the structure and metabolism of carbohydrates, and the bioenergetics and ATP synthesis and utilization. Cross listed with BIO315. (Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week.) Prerequsite: BIO/CHM314 and CHM 301. (Offered spring semester of even calendar years.)
Studies the structure and function of the cell, while examining the highly significant and diversified roles that cells play in living organisms. Includes information about major macromolecules, organelles and their functions, such as protein synthesis, cellular respiration, replication, and characteristics of different type cells. Lab includes biotechnological and biochemical experiments. (Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week.) Prerequisite: BIO 110, 112 and CHM 112. CHM 201 recommended. (Offered spring semester.)
This course covers the major types of instrumentation utilized in chemistry, biology and physics by providing "hands-on" experience as well as emphasizing the underlying principles. (Three hours of lecture and three hours lab per week.) Cross listed with CHM 342/PHY 342. Prerequisite: CHM 112, PHY 120C, CHM 201 recommended. (Offered spring semester of odd calendar years.)
This course covers the major types of instrumentation utilized in Chemistry, Biology and Physics by providing "hands-on" experience as well as emphasizing the underlying principles. (Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week.) Cross listed with BIO 341/PHY 342. Prerequisite: CHM 112, AND PHY 120. Chemistry 201 recommended. (Offered spring semester of odd calendar years.)
This course analyzes and discusses contemporary issues in the ethics of current and future medical practices globally. Topics include stem cell research, right to die, organ transplantation, health care for the uninsured and undocumented, GMOs, animal rights/abuse, and DNR. (Offerred irregularly.)
A project course. An opportunity for students to make a beginning at research work or learn skills in areas such as cell/molecular biology, plant taxonomy, biological illustrating, or micro technique. The assigned project will be related to major interest. Prerequisite: Major in biology. (Offered irregularly.)
Selected readings chosen by student and instructor.
Biology majors may earn a maximum of eight semester credits while engaged in a practicum experience related to their specific field of interest. The potentials for the practicum are unlimited. The practicum may involve work or volunteer service in any biologically related career. Each practicum will need the approval of the Department chair. It is the student's responsibility to initiate a request for the practicum, suggest prospective openings, and declare in writing their interests and goals for each practicum. The practicum will be taken for pass/fail credit unless the student formally requests a letter grade before attempting the practicum.
Biology majors may earn a maximum of eight semester credits while engaged in a practicum experience related to their specific field of interest. The potentials for the practicum are unlimited. The practicum may involve work or volunteer service in any biologically related career. Each practicum will need the approval of the Department chair. It is the student's responsibility to initiate a request for the practicum, suggest prospective openings, and declare in writing their interests and goals for each practicum. The practicum will be taken for pass/fail credit unless the student formally requests a letter grade before attempting the practicum.

Biology Major Partner Programs

Engineering 3-2 Dual Degree Program

According to the U.S. Department of Labor statistics, engineering is projected to be one of the top five areas of employment for the next decade. If you have been prepared by your high school education in writing, communications, mathematics and science, you should be ready to move into the college level courses. You will have to study a lot, but anything worth doing requires some effort. The payback occurs in career satisfaction. The engineering profession ranks in the upper 15% among the 250 types of work endeavors.

Dual Degree with University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Engineering School at UIUC ranks number 6 overall in the United States, according to U.S. News and World Report. The Dual Degree (3-2) program results in a Bachelor of Arts in Physics, Chemistry or Biology from Greenville College and a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from UIUC.

Dual Degree with Washington University in St. Louis

The Engineering School at Washington University in St. Louis is ranked number 14 overall according to U.S. News and Word Report. This Dual Degree (3-2) program results in a Bachelor of Arts in Physics, Chemistry or Biology from Greenville College and a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from Washington University.

The following degree plan provides a glimpse of what your schedule may look like as you complete this program:

Benefits of the 3/2 Program

  1. Successful completion of Greenville's engineering program, with an appropriate GPA, guarantees admission to top quality engineering schools for the remaining two years.
  2. Receive personal attention in the math and physics courses that provide the backbone of any engineering program.
  3. Gain exposure to the many engineering opportunities before making a final commitment to a specific field.
  4. Remain flexible in your career options by starting with the practical, broad- natured pre-engineering courses that prepares one for many fields.
  5. Obtain two degrees -- a liberal arts degree in addition to an engineering degree. Employers seek graduates with a broad background to better adapt to our constantly changing society.
  6. Spend three years at a campus where Christian principles and values are taught and practiced.

International Students

Greenville College works alongside Yenching Elite Education as our premier partner in China for recruiting qualified Chinese students into its engineering dual-degree program. Yenching Elite Education focuses on providing access to our “Pathways Programs” designed to assist Chinese students upon graduating from high school. Students completing a one-year Pathway Program enjoy a curriculum focused on English language development and additional coursework to prepare them for attending the school’s four-year degree program. Yenching Elite Education also collaborates to find top students interested in pursuing our Engineering Dual Degree (3:2) partnerships with University of Illinois and Washington University

Engineering Triple Degree Program

Triple Degree (3-3) program graduates will receive a Bachelor of Arts in Physics, Chemistry or Biology from Greenville College, a Bachelor of Science in Engineering and a Master of Science in Engineering from Washington University. The GRE is not required for admission. Generous scholarships are available for both domestic and international students including 50 percent of tuition during the first year, 55 percent of tuition during the second year and 60 percent of tuition during the third and final year of a student's enrollment at Washington University.

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Career Opportunities

Career outlook for bachelor's degree in Biology.

 

A degree in Biology opens the door to several fast-growing professions. Our bachelor’s degree in Biology at Greenville University gives you a competitive edge in the job market and the educational foundation you need to succeed.  

Over the past 10 years, 85-90% of our students who applied to Medical School were admitted.

Career opportunities for a degree in Biology:

  • Medical Doctor
  • Dentist
  • Physician’s Assistant
  • Nurse
  • Botanist
  • Pharmacist
  • Medical Research
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Marine Biologist
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