Christian Higher Education Since 1892

Biology Major

0

Courses

The Majors and Minors section of the academic catalog explains graduation requirements. You can also read more about courses in the Undergraduate Course Listings section of the academic catalog.

Degree Plans

Sample degree plans provide a glimpse of what your schedule may look like as you complete this program.

Below are some of the courses offered for the Biology Major.

Courses Credits  
BIO 110 General Biology I 4 Info

This course deals with the basic principles of biology. Consideration is given to cell biology and structural and functional organization of plants and animals. Principles of reproduction, genetics, and ecology are introduced as well as a brief survey of the kingdoms of living organisms. Beginning course for all biology majors. (Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week.)

CHM 111 General Chemistry I 4 Info

Basic principles of chemical reactions and descriptive chemistry are integrated in terms of atomic structure, bonding theory, molecular geometry, reaction rates, equilibrium, and thermodynamics. (Three lecture hours and three lab hours per week.)

CHM 112 General Chemistry II 4 Info

A continuation of CHM 111. (Three lecture hours and three lab hours per week.)

BIO 115 Plants & People 4 Info

Major emphases in this course are placed on the anatomy and physiology of flowering plants. Also included are agricultural and horticultural applications, and an overview of the plant kingdom. Meets the general education laboratory science requirement.

BIO 305 Genetics 4 Info

The facts of heredity; reproduction and development; the mechanism of heredity; hybridization and Mendel's laws; heredity in man and in its broader social applications. Recommended for all biology majors and required of all biology majors in secondary education. (Two hours lecture and four hours lab per week.)

BIO 340 Cell Biology 4 Info

Studies the structure and function of the cell, while examining the highly significant and diversified roles that cells play in living organisms. Includes information about major macromolecules, organelles and their functions, such as protein synthesis, cellular respiration, replication, and characteristics of different type cells. Lab includes biotechnological and biochemical experiments. (Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week.)

BIO 370 Basic Ecology 4 Info

This course will deal with the physical and biotic factors of the environment that affect individual organisms and populations. Principles of ecology will be studied at the organismic, population, and community level.

BIO 410 Seminar 2 (WI) Info

Reading and discussion assignments for the biology major dealing with recent biology research and advancement. Special projects and problems may be done on an individual basis. Offered each spring to be taken by all biology majors during their senior year. Secondary education majors in biology and pre-med-tech biology majors should take this course during their junior year. Meets the general education writing intensive requirement.

Available Emphases

Pre-Dietetics and Pre-Pharmacy

Pre-Dietetics and Pre-Pharmacy require a strong chemistry component to the education. The biology courses should include cell biology, microbiology, and physiology. Courses that aid the student in communication are highly recommended. The dietitian needs several behavioral science courses since much of their role is often motivating people to change their life patterns of eating. Students will need to leave Greenville after a year or two, or plan to pursue that career in a graduate program.

Pre-Medical Technology

The pre-medical technology training must include courses in biology and microbiology, and 3 years of chemistry. Chemistry courses past the general chemistry should be organic, quantitative analysis, instrumental analysis, and possibly 1 semester of physical chemistry, a college math class and general education requirements for graduation.

Pre-Medicine

If you are interested in medicine needs and have a heart for ministry, a desire to serve your fellow man in times of great stress, and a desire to give up personal rights for the good of your neighbor than Greenville is the place for you. Approximately 90% of our pre-med graduates are accepted to medical school on their first application. Greenville's program prepares students to excel in continued medical studies.

The Medical Career

Students interested in serving God and the world through the medical profession typically get specialty training to become a physician through either the doctor of medicine (MD) or a doctor of osteopathy (DO) degrees. Both training methods have the same licensing priveleges.

Enjoyment of problem solving is a must, for the good physician is foremost a problem solver. One must also be able to delay gratification for many years, since the average time of training from undergraduate through residency is 11-13 years. The rewards, however, are many for those willing to commit to the rigors of training.

Greenville gives the student a good start in the training process, through an educational program with proven success, and a faculty that supports and cares for the development of the whole student. Greenville is uniquely equipped to prepare you for a meaningful life and success in your career. An indication of the quality of Greenville's program is that, of those Pre-Med students graduating in the past 15 years, at least a half dozen have joined other alumni who are now medical school faculty members, including one who is a founding editor of the Journal of Maternal & Fetal Medicine.

The Greenville Education

Greenville College has had success preparing students for admission into medical school because of the following:

  • Strong academic preparation. In the laboratory, students are expected to use major pieces of equipment often found only at much larger institutions and reserved for graduate programs. The college has a strong and balanced science and math division. The pre-professional student takes courses designed for majors bound for graduate school in each of the disciplines. There are no abbreviated courses simply to meet minimum professional school requirements.
  • Supportive faculty. Faculty will take a personal interest in the student, both in and out of the classroom. Upper division classes are small, with much individual instruction. The pre-med advisor takes students to medical school seminars to learn about current admission procedures.
  • Personal growth. The college strives to educate servant leaders, encouraging participation in activities that will aid the student in understanding and preparing for a lifetime in a service profession.
  • A recent report of the "Council on Medical Education" encouraged medical schools to look for the broadly educated applicant. Greenville's liberal arts tradition gives that broad perspective for which medical schools are looking.

Medical Admission Requirements

Most pre-med students major in either biology, chemistry, or both. However, no particular major is necessary for entrance into medical school. The core of courses required are:

  • 1 year of biology
  • 1 year of general chemistry
  • 1 year of organic chemistry
  • Biochemistry recommended
  • Calculus
  • 1 year of physics
  • General education courses that give a broad understanding of life
  • Successful scores on the MCAT (medical college admission test)
  • Letters of recommendation
  • A strong GPA

We strongly recommend more biology; thus the biology major is a good preparation for entrance into medical school. Further courses which prove helpful are cell biology, microbiology, genetics, general physiology, and vertebrate morphogenesis. All of the courses recommended or required have successfully prepared many students in the past for medical schools all over the country.

Greenville's composite letter of recommendation is much appreciated by medical schools. The composite letter is written by professors who know the students personally and have counseled them in their health career. It is compiled by the science division and sent to each of the medical schools to which the student wishes to apply.

Greenville College BA in Biology degree with Pre-Med emphasis

In addition to the courses listed under medical admission requirements, the student will need to complete a biology major and general education requirements to graduate from Greenville College. Courses not previously listed that are required for the biology major are botany, cell biology, and senior seminar. A total of 32 credits are required for a major in biology. General education requirements for graduation in addition to previously listed courses are:

  • 1 year of English
  • 1 course in communication
  • 1 course in philosophy
  • 1 course in behavioral science
  • 1 course in history, and an additional history or behavioral science course
  • 1 course in fine arts
  • Language proficiency or equivalent to 3 semesters of college foreign language
  • 2 designated religion classes (Bible and Culture, Faith and Learning)
  • 4 credits in physical education

Accreditation

Greenville College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, as well as several other academic affiliations for teachers.

More Info +

Pre-Optometry

Optometry schools require only 2-3 years of schooling before admission into their programs. The OAT (Optometry Admission Test) must be taken the year prior to admission into the school. Typical requirements include one year of chemistry, one semester of organic chemistry, one semester of calculus, one semester of statistics, one year of physics, three courses in behavioral sciences, one year of English and speech, and one year of biology, plus other biology courses which should include microbiology, genetics, physiology and embryology.

Pre-Physical or Occupational Therapy

A student who wishes to pursue a career in physical therapy or occupational therapy can come to Greenville College to get a degree in biology or psychology and the necessary prerequisites for admission into a master's program in PT or OT. The student would take the GRE exam in the spring or summer of their junior year. The first semester of their senior year, the student would apply to graduate programs in which they are interested.

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy is a discipline which uses several types of procedures to train or rehabilitate persons with motor disabilities. The disabilities may result from developmental problems, poor health or an accident.

Physical therapists usually specialize in helping people develop skills of large muscle groups, such as walking, range of joint motion or muscle strengthening after surgery or an accident.

 

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapists plan and direct educational, vocational and recreational activities designed individuals with disabilities to become self-sufficient.

The OT helps patients develop activities such as eating, dressing, and writing as well as vocational skills such as typing and operating power tools. The patients' mobility coordination, self-sufficiency and confidence are all part of the therapy program. Design of special equipment or devices which will aid the patient in their daily endeavors are also part of the job.

 

Entrance Expectations in PT or OT

A student interested in a profession in physical therapy or occupational therapy must be prepared to accept the rigors of the educational process. Competition for entrance into most schools is very intense.

The student must have a very high GPA in their undergraduate program, an average or above average GRE test score, completed the courses required for entrance into the school to which they are applying, have good recommendations and show a strong desire to become part of the profession as shown through previous observational or volunteer activities in the field.

Greenville prepares a student well in the undergraduate science and psychology requirements. The general education requirements for graduation help prepare the student for the general section of the GRE. A few of the programs into which recent Greenville College graduates have been accepted in PT or OT are Washington University in St. Louis, University of Virginia, and Northwestern University in Illinois.

 

Educational Role of Greenville College

A student who wishes to pursue a career in physical therapy of occupational therapy can come to Greenville College to get a degree in biology or psychology and the necessary prerequisites for admission into a master's program in PT or OT. The student would take the GRE exam in the spring or summer of their junior year. The first semester of their senior year, the student would apply to graduate programs in which they are interested.

 

Required Courses for a Biology Major with a PT or OT Emphasis

  • General Biology - 8 credits
  • General Chemistry - 8 credits
  • General Botany - 4 credits
  • Cell Biology - 4 credits
  • Human Anatomy and Physiology - 4 credits
  • General Physiology - 4 credits
  • Vertebrate Morphogenesis - 4 credits
  • Senior Seminar - 2 credits
  • One biology department elective

 

Suggested Courses

  • Physics (with lab) - 4 or 8 credits
  • General Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and/or Psychopathology
  • Statistics and college math (calculus)
  • History or political science
  • A practicum course or verification of 100 hours of observation
  • Electives: Kinesiology, Exercise Physiology, Ethics

 

*Completion of all general education requirements for a BA degree are also required.

 

Greenville Advantages

The liberal arts education at Greenville College preceding the PT or OT training has the following advantages:

  • Greenville's goal is to educate the whole person which helps the student understand who they are and their role in the world.
  • A liberal arts education gives the PT or OT windows of opportunity for relating with patients in areas other than the patient's problem.
  • A liberal arts education teaches people from a broad base of perspective that also allows for better understanding of clients.
  • The classes from the Division of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Science are rigorous courses that place emphasis on fundamental concepts taught by specialists in each field. The courses are those designed for majors in each respective department.
  • Greenville's emphasis on building servant leaders provides an excellent model for the physical or occupational therapist's career.
  • Greenville College honors Christ, the best model of a servant healer that we have in history, in all of its programming.

 

Accreditation

Greenville College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, as well as several other academic affiliations.

More Info +

Pre-Physician Assistant

The Physician Assistant (PA) is an academically and clinically prepared health practitioner. The PA provides services under the direction and supervision of a doctor of medicine or osteopathy in a variety of medical services and settings.

What is a Physician Assistant?

The Physician Assistant (PA) is an academically and clinically prepared health practitioner. The PA provides services under the direction and supervision of a doctor of medicine or osteopathy in a variety of medical services and settings.

The functions of the PA include performing diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventative activities and services to allow more effective use of the physician's knowledge, skills and abilities.

The PA will take medical histories, order laboratory tests, determine treatment, give medical advice, counsel patients, perform physical exams, diagnose common illnesses, assist in surgery and promote wellness.

 

Preparation for Entrance into PA Training

Most of the 80 PA training programs in the country that complete the educational and clinical preparation to be a PA are upper division 24-27 month programs. The student must fulfill entrance requirements and apply for entrance into the program the year prior to admittance. Greenville College is very able to provide the educational component necessary for entrance.

Greenville has a strong science division where required science classes provide a background necessary for future clinical training. Greenville tries to educate the whole person, which gives the student a better understanding of themselves and a broad understanding of people.

The liberal arts components of Greenville gives the student a world view and information that will enhance the patient/PA relationship. Our emphasis on building servant leaders provides good modeling and training for the PA. Jesus Christ, the greatest healer, is taught about and emulated on campus.

 

Requirements for Admission into most PA Training Programs:

General education requirements frequently include three classes in english and communication, four classes in humanities, religion, and philosophy and several classes in behavioral science.

 

Specific Requirements:

  • General Chemistry (with labs) - 8 credits
  • General Biology - 8 credits
  • Microbiology - 4 credits
  • Medical Terminology
  • Psychopathology - 4 credits
  • Statistics - 4 credits

 

Electives:

  • Developmental Psychology - 4 credits
  • Human Anatomy and Physiology - 4 credits
  • General Physiology - 4 credits

Computer literacy is often expected and practical medical experience is always expected.

The student will need to be sure that the required courses for the PA school of their choice are taken.

 

PA School Admission Competition

The student should be aware of strong competition around the country for positions in PA schools. An average of seven applications exist for each opening. Therefore, students need to be certain that all the prerequisites for entrance into the school of their choice are completed.

Most schools have a requirement of hands-on medical experience, either volunteer or paid. So, students need to get CNA or emergency training or volunteer to help with patient care in some way before attempting to be admitted into a PA program. This training could be accomplished during the first two academic years.

 

Accreditation

Greenville College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, as well as several other academic affiliations.

More Info +

Pre-Veterinary

Veterinary training consists of four years. The first year is most often, didactic teaching and laboratory instruction, which focuses on the basic biomedical sciences. The second year is usually concerned with patho-physiology of specific diseases. The final two years are a variety of clinical rotations.

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

A career in veterinary medicine offers outstanding opportunities to help animals and to advance comparative medical knowledge. The veterinarian diagnoses and looks at the prognosis of disease, prescribes drugs or therapy or performs surgery on animals. Many specialize in certain groups of animals.

Our urbanized society has a great interest in animal life and the agricultural community has a great need for well-trained persons. Usually not only the diseases of animals are studied, but issues related to animals, such as animal welfare, ethical dimensions of veterinary medicine, and roles of animals in urban and rural environments and societies.

The job opportunities include a veterinary practitioner, research scientist, public health officer, industrial or military veterinarian, or veterinary educator.

 

Veterinary Schooling Requirements

Admission into a veterinary school requires much of the same training as medical school. The applicant may either complete a preveterinary program which usually takes three years or get a bachelors degree (which most schools prefer).

Then they must apply to a school of veterinary medicine. The application process includes recommendations, Veterinary Aptitude Test (VAT) or in a few cases the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) prior to January of the year they are applying. Applicants also need to have a grade point average that is competitive for the school they are planning to attend, and the minimum math and science academic requirements, and some general education classes.

Veterinary training consists of four years. The first year is most often didactic teaching and laboratory instruction which focuses on the basic biomedical sciences. The second year is usually concerned with pathophysiology of specific diseases. The final two years are a variety of clinical rotations.

 

Math/Science Requirements for Admission to Veterinary School

  • Biology - 2 semesters
  • General Chemistry - 2 semesters
  • Organic Chemistry - 2 semesters
  • Physics - 2 semesters
  • Math - 2 semesters (or 1 of math and one of statistics)

 

Highly Recommended:

  • Biochemistry - 1 semester
  • Genetics - 1 semester
  • Microbiology - 1 semester
  • Physiology - 1 semester
  • Comparative or Developmental anatomy - 1 semester

Most schools also require a number of general education courses that include english, behavioral/social science, and humanities.

 

The Greenville Advantage

The liberal arts education at Greenville is an excellent preparation for entrance into veterinary school. The liberal arts education prepares students well for admission exams such as the VAT, GRE, or MCAT (Medical College Admittance Test).

The classes from the Division of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Science are rigorous courses that place emphasis on fundamental concepts taught by specialists in the field. The courses are those designed for majors in each respecitive department.

Greenville's emphasis on the whole person and servant leadership helps a students to learn to assist those in the community in which they work.

 

Accredation

Greenville College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, as well as several other academic affiliations.

More Info +

Pre-Nursing

The purpose of the pre-nursing curriculum at Greenville College is to prepare you for admission into a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree or co-enrollment in an Associate Degree of Nursing (ADN) to graduate with an ADN as well as a Bachelor of Arts in Biology.

The purpose of the pre-nursing curriculum at Greenville College is to prepare you for admission into a clinical program that will complete your Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree. The prerequisites for a clinical nursing program can be completed at Greenville College.
Greenville College also has a partnership agreement with the Kaskaskia College of Nursing program, granting students co-enrollment in the Bachelor of Arts degree in Biology at GC and the Associate Degree in Nursing at Kaskaskia College. Students will receive personalized advising from both institutions to assist them in timely completion of both degrees. Additionally, students will have access to the resources and services of both institutions while pursuing their degrees. Both pre-nursing paths are 4-year degree programs granting graduates with two degrees.

The Nursing Career

The profession of nursing with the designation of registered nurse, can be attained by different educational levels. The Associate Degree of Nursing degree typically takes two years, and the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree takes four years.

 

Purpose of Pre-Nursing Program

The purpose of the pre-nursing curriculum at Greenville College is to prepare students for admission into a clinical program that will complete the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree. The prerequisites for a clinical nursing program are completed at Greenville College.

The student then transfers to an upper division, two-year nursing school. Greenville College is affiliated with the Mennonite College of Nursing in Bloomington, Illinois, from which the student will receive a BSN degree. However, the student may apply to other nursing schools.

St. John's Hospital in Springfield has a service-oriented program which is similar to Mennonite. Another possibility would be an accelerated nursing program (12-15 months) designed for students who have already completed a college degree. St. Louis University is the closest school offering this type of training. 

Students interested in receiving an Associate of Nursing program alongside their Bachelor of Arts in Biology do so through co-enrollment at Greenville College and Kaskaskia College.  

Our pre-nursing program allows students to enter the nursing profession upon graduating with their selected nursing degree as well as their Bachelor of Arts degree in biology from Greenville College.

Liberal Arts Education

Some of the advantages for getting the first two or three years of a nursing program at a liberal arts college are:

  • An education of the whole person gives a nurse a better understanding of themselves and their role in the world.
  • A better understanding of people from a broad perspective gives the nurse a better understanding of patients.
  • A liberal arts education gives the nurse windows of opportunity for relating with patients in areas other than their problem.
  • The science learned is broad-based science that can be used in areas other than the nursing field.
  • The Greenville emphasis on building servant leaders provides an excellent model for the nursing career.
  • The Christ who Greenville honors is the best model of a healer.

 

Accreditation

Greenville College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, as well as several other academic affiliations.

Kaskaskia College Nursing Program (Associate Degree of Nursing Program Partnership)

The Associate Degree Nursing Program is fully accredited by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation (www.dfpr.state.il.us) and by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, Inc. (www.acenursing.org). The Associate Degree Nursing Program prepares recipients to become Registered Nurses (RNs).

Mennonite College of Nursing

Mennonite College of Nursing, to which Greenville is affiliated, is the oldest private college of Nursing in Illinois. MCN is accredited by North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and the National League of Nursing.

It is associated with a multi-faceted health care system named BroMenn Healthcare, which is owned by churches located in Central Illinois representing several denominations. It places students in three hospitals, three foundations, and three community health services, a wellness center and a consultant business in the Bloomington area.

MCN offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree, and a Master of Science in Nursing degree, the Family Nurse Practitioner.

 

St. John's College Department of Nursing

St. Johns College originated as St. John's Hospital School of Nursing in 1886 and is the oldest Catholic hospital nursing school in the United States. It reorganized in 1991, establishing its present form. It is accredited by North Central Association of Colleges and Schools to grant the Baccalaureate in Nursing (BSN).

The majority of the clinical training is at St. John's Hospital, which is also affiliated with the SIU Medical School, whose library facilities they share. St. John's College has its own well-equipped nursing training laboratories.

 

Usual requirements for entrance into the 3rd and 4th year BSN Nursing colleges:

  • ENG 101 - English composition
  • ENG 201 - Literature and Composition
  • COM 101 - Speech Communication (or other speech course with public speaking component)
  • PHL 201 - Major Issues in Philosophy (or other philosophy class)
  • BIO 110 - General Biology
  • BIO 250 - Human Anatomy & Physiology
  • BIO 260/360 - Microbiology
  • CHM 111 - General Chemistry
  • CS 101 - Introduction to Personal Computers
  • MTH 106 - Finite Mathematics
  • PSY 101 - General Psychology
  • PSY/SOC 202 - Statistics
  • PSY 212 - Developmental Psychology
  • SOC 101 - Principles of Sociology (or course of student's choice from Sociology Department)
  • Nutrition - offered every third interterm
  • Humanities & Fine Arts electives - 4 hrs.
  • Medical Terminology is highly recommended.

*In addition, St. Louis University requires a degree, and ethics (for Philosophy).

More Info +

Career Opportunities

  • Doctor
  • Nurse
  • Food & Drug Inspector
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Botanist
  • Wildlife Biologist